What is Dyslexia?
dys – lexia:
difficulty with language
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/ or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding [reading] abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
Adopted by the International Dyslexia Association (IDA) Board of Directors, November 12, 2002
In other words…
A specific learning disability is a disorder involving one’s understanding or use of language, spoken or written, that may show itself in difficulties with listening, thinking, speaking, reading, writing, spelling, or doing mathematical calculations.